OUR PENNSYLVANIA-GROWN VEGETABLES & HERBS
Asparagus has a wonderfully distinctive flavor and a meaty texture. It’s often served as a side dish after being steamed or briefly boiled. We sell our homegrown asparagus in bunches of tender “tips” with the tough base already removed! Choose firm bright green spears with closed, compact tips; fat and skinny spears are equally tender.
To store, wrap ends of unwashed asparagus in a damp paper towel and place in a loosely closed plastic bag. Or you may place the ends in a shallow bowl of water. Refrigerate up to a week.
To prepare, rinse spears with cold water. Trimming the stems is not necessary with Kuhn Orchards’ “all tender” asparagus tips. The only reason you may need to trim the stems is if they have been in the refrigerator and the end have dehydrated a bit.
Available at Markets: mid-April to early June
Related to onions, but with a milder, more complex taste that is great for roasting and using in soups. Long, white shafts with dark blue/green tops.
Available at Markets: early September thru December
Garlic & Scapes
German White is our garlic, a potent hardneck variety that is easy to peel. Its large clove size makes it a great all-purpose garlic, especially good for roasting. The heritage of this garlic can be directly traced to northern Germany. Garlic scapes are the curly flower stalk that we remove so that the plant spends more energy on growing the bulb.
Available at Markets: early June
We grow four delicious varieties:
Candy: A very mild and sweet Vidalia-type onion that stores well.
Cippolini: Famous Italian flat onions that are wonderful roasted.
Copra: A strong and pungent onion that we bring to market in early spring.
Red Zepplin: A high-quality red onion with red and white flesh and a more pungent sweet flavor.
Available at Markets: mid/late July thru May
Related to onions, but with smaller plump bulbs wrapped in a papery skin. Shallots have a mild onion flavor that is favored by chefs, especially in French cuisine. Shallots can be eaten fresh or cooked, chopped or boiled, but are most often used for delicate creamy sauces or gravies.
Available at Markets: early July thru May
|Butternut||Light tan with small seed cavities. Flesh is smooth-textured with a unique sweet flavor.|
|Acorn||Hybrid acorn squash with colorful yellow, green and gold flecked skin. Will store for months.|
|Delicata||Sweet winter squash with elongated fruit that have a creamy background, striped with green.|
|Kabocha||Moderately ribbed bright, orange-red skin. Medium-sweet taste, with extremely creamy flesh.|
|Spaghetti||Squash with unique flesh that separates into long, translucent strings that resemble angel hair pasta.|
Available at Markets: mid-September thru February
Picked when young and tender and bunched to include a rainbow of varieties including striped Chioggia, golden, cylindrical and traditional red. Roots are great pickled, steamed or roasted. We leave the greens intact! Use the greens in a salad or sautee/boil and squeeze a little lemon juice over the top.
We grow several varieties of carrots (including red and yellow varieties) to extend our season into the winter months. Enjoy them fresh or cooked!
Available at Markets: June, September thru May
Parsnips are a root vegetable that resemble carrots and can be used in similar ways but they have a sweeter taste, especially when cooked. While parsnips can be eaten raw, they are more commonly served cooked. They can be baked, boiled, pureed, roasted, fried or steamed. When used in stews, soups and casseroles, they give a rich flavor.
We grow multi-colored round Easter Egg varieties and elongated French Breakfast radishes.
Available at Markets: late May to early July
Sweet potatoes are great baked, boiled, candied, in pies and casseroles, and even fried! We grow two varieties:
Covington: A favorite for mashing or roasting, the Covington has rose-colored skin and supersweet orange flesh. Eat it whole with your favorite toppings or cut into wedges and bake as a side dish.
Porto Rico: An old-fashioned variety that is perhaps the sweetest of them all. It has pale copper skin and light orange flesh.
Available at Markets: October thru February
Depending on the year, we grow either Reba or Norwich white round varieties, which are good all-purpose potatoes (not too moist, not too dry) that store well over the winter. Great for baking, mashing, gratins, fries and more!
Available at Markets: late October thru May
Rhubarb is a perennial plant with large, long stalks ranging from greenish pink to dark red. Although a vegetable, rhubarb is eaten as a fruit, cooked and sweetened with sugar to offset its tart, lemony taste. Rhubarb makes a wonderful addition to strawberry pie and as the base for many jellies, desserts, sauces and condiments. Choose stalks that are firm and crisp; avoid stalks that are limp. Rhubarb leaves must be removed before cooking, and must never be eaten, raw or cooked, as they are toxic. Rhubarb will last up to two weeks stored in a plastic bag in the coolest part of the refrigerator, but we suggest you enjoy them within 7-10 days.
Available at Markets: early May to mid-June
Sunchokes (Jerusalem Artichokes)
A Native American plant that is part of the sunflower family. The tubers look like small knobby potatoes but are crunchier and have a mild, nut-like taste that works well sliced raw into salads, sautéed in a little butter, or roasted. Sunchokes’ carbohydrate content is made of inulin, which is stored as fructose, instead of starch, which is stored as glucose, making them a great choice for diabetics.
Available at Markets: late October – May
We grow a wide variety of fresh slicing tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, and Roma tomatoes on raised black plastic beds. Many of our tomatoes are “heirlooms,” and the rest are the best of the more recent varieties. Unlike the baseballs you will find in a supermarket, our tomatoes are ripe when we bring them to market, so you can savor them that day! A few of our favorites:
|Amish Paste||The ultimate sauce tomato, sweet and meaty, large, red and heart-shaped.|
|Beefmaster & Big Beef||Large fruit with outstanding flavor. The best to slice on top of a burger!|
|Black Pearl||1 1/2-inch purplish fruits with a unique extra-sweet Concord grape flavor.|
|Black Prince||Medium red-brown fruit with black shoulders. Originates from Russia. Rich, juicy taste.|
|Brandywine/Brandy Boy||Popular heirloom. Prized for distinctively flavored dark reddish pink fruit.|
|Cherokee Purple||Absolutely delicious, sweet and rich flavor. Large, purple pink fruit blushed brown.|
|Green Zebra||Small 2-3-inch fruits that are a rich golden green with forest green stripes. Zesty flavor.|
|Mortgage Lifter||Large, slightly flattened, pink-red tomatoes. They are meaty and very flavorful.|
|Persimmon||Beautiful, rose-orange fruits that are quite meaty, with few seeds, and a taste that’s fruity.|
|Pineapple||Huge, ribbed fruit. Yellow with internal red stripes. Striking slicer with fruity taste.|
|Pink Girl||Medium, juicy fresh pink fruit with a delightfully mild flavor.|
|San Marzano||Early, classic plum Italian tomato with meaty flesh that makes for good sauce and paste.|
|Sungold||A bright orange sweet cherry tomato. High-sugar fruits have a yummy “tropical” taste.|
Available at Markets: early August to late October
Our herbs are picked fresh from our fields and bunched for each market. Once you’ve used fresh herbs for a dish, you’ll keep going back to that pop of fresh flavor. All the herbs listed are excellent when used fresh, and, unless otherwise noted, most can also be dried. Dried herbs are more concentrated than fresh, so use a ratio of 1:3 if substituting dried for fresh herbs.
To keep your herbs:
Cut the stems with a sharp knife. Place herb bunches in a vase or shallow glass with cool water. Place on the kitchen counter, away from direct sunlight. Do not refrigerate.
Italian Basil has an intense sweet clove flavor. Use to complement tomatoes, cheese, soups, stews, beef, fish, veal, poultry, eggs, pizza and vegetables. Great for pesto sauce or sprinkled over pasta. Thai Basil has a distinct licorice flavor and is used in Thai and Vietnamese dishes.
Cilantro leaves have a piercing flavor with a citrus undertone. Cilantro is an ingredient in many South Asian foods (particularly chutneys), in Chinese dishes and in Mexican dishes, particularly in salsa and guacamole and as a garnish. Use fresh; does not hold flavor when dried.
These pungent and slightly tangy leaves are one of the best complements for fish, lamb, chicken, eggs, salad greens, beets, carrots, cucumbers, cabbages and potatoes – and of course dill pickles. The leaves are best raw; when cooked, they lose their strength.
Mint leaves have a fresh, aromatic, sweet flavor with a cool aftertaste. Use in teas (click here for recipe), beverages, jellies, syrups, candies and ice creams. Use fresh mint or mint jelly to accompany lamb dishes. Use for alcoholic drinks such as Mint Juleps and Mojitos.
The flavor of rosemary might be described as pine mixed with mint. Because the leaves are tough, chop them finely to release even more of their flavor. Rosemary is a popular flavoring for meats, dressings, soups, stews, bouillons, or potatoes; or as a garnish on roasts.
Tarragon leaves have a flavor similar to anise or licorice. Use in salads, marinades, and sauces. Tarragon complements chicken and fish dishes and is a prime ingredient in Béarnaise Sauce. Leaves add flavor to vinegar when steeped. Use fresh; the flavor is lost when dried.
Sage has a smoky and musky flavor. Its astringent quality makes it excellent for cutting the richness of foods. Sage is noted for its use in sausage, meat loaves, stuffings for poultry, rabbit, and pork and paired with winter squash.
Italian Flat Leaf Parsley
Italian Flat Leaf Parsley possesses a slightly sharper flavor, and less coarse texture than curly parsley. Parsley is used as a garnish, with potato dishes, rice dishes, fish, chicken, lamb, steaks, vegetable stews or tabouleh.
Oregano’s flavor can be described as sweet, warm and spicy. Use as a flavoring on pizza, in Greek salad, with lamb or steak, with roasted, fried or grilled vegetables, or add to Italian-type sauces.
The savory-sweet fragrance of thyme is perfect for earthy cooking – rich stews, roasted game, poultry stuffings, slow-cooking beef dishes and pasta sauces.
A long cream-colored root with a pungent flavor. Stirred into a paste with vinegar (click here for recipe), finely grated horseradish is an incomparable finish for roast beef and cocktail sauce.